Methacrylic acid copolymer coating of polypropylene mesh chamber improves subcutaneous islet engraftment.
Biomaterials. 2020 Aug 15;259:120324
Authors: Coindre VF, Kinney SM, Sefton MV
Subcutaneous devices can be used to house therapeutic cells such as pancreatic islets so that the cells can be retrieved. However, a high number of cells may be required to reverse diabetes, since a portion of the graft can be lost after transplantation due to ischemia and therefore the right device design is important. Increasing the vascularity of the subcutaneous space prior to cell transplantation is a strategic goal for cell transplantation, as it promotes islet survival, glucose-sensing and insulin secretion. In this study, a porous cell transplantation device was coated with 40% methacrylic acid-co-isodecyl acrylate (MAA-co-IDA), a biomaterial which promotes a vascular response without additional biologics. Three weeks after device implantation, the vessel density surrounding the device was double that of an uncoated device. The vasculature was mature and connected to the host bloodstream, as demonstrated by perfusion studies and histology. The tissue response to coated devices demonstrated lower levels of inflammation, measured by reduced gene expression of i-NOS and IL1β, and increased expression of IL4. Syngeneic islets (300 islet equivalents) transplanted into the prevascularized coated device were able to return diabetic animals to normoglycemia for up to 11 weeks and resolve a glucose bolus similarly to non-diabetic mice by 3 weeks post-transplantation. We expect that the vessels and microenvironment resulting from the device coating are permissive to islet survival and thus enabled islets to reverse diabetes.
PMID: 32858417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]